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Tip of the Month
Tip of the month - Exfoliation (pseudoexfoliation) syndrome (with or without glaucoma) is associated with clinically significant non-vascular systemic diseases
Exfoliation (pseudoexfoliation) syndrome (with or without glaucoma) is associated with clinically significant non-vascular systemic diseases

Publishing date: November 2021


The association of systemic vascular dysfunction and vascular diseases with exfoliation syndrome have been extensively studied in the last decades. Recently in the Utah project on exfoliation syndrome, a large database study, an increased risk of a diagnosis of exfoliation syndrome was found in people with a series af systemic non-vascular diseases such as obstructive sleep apnea, pelvic organ prolapse and indirect inguinal hernia.

In addition, it was reported that exfoliative syndrome subjects had an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and atrial fibrillation. These associations are possibly explained by the altered expression of LOXL1, a key cross-linking enzyme in elastic fiber formation and remodeling which explains elastic fibres related dysfunction both in the eye and the whole body. Therefore, active enquiry about systemic non-vascular conditions and obstructive apnea related symptoms are proposed in the routine clinical glaucoma practice when patients with exfoliation syndrome or exfoliative glaucoma are investigated.

Contributor: Gabor Hollo for the SIG PEX



References

1) Wirostko BM, Curtin K, Ritch R. at al. Risk for exfoliation syndrome in women with pelvic organ prolapse : a Utah Project on Exfoliation Syndrome (UPEXS) Study. JAMA Ophthalmol 2016;134:1255-1262.

2) Taylor SC, Bernhisel AA, Curtin K, at al. Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and exfoliation syndrome: the Utah Project on Exfoliation Syndrome. Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2019;2:3-10.

3) Besch BM, Curtin K, Ritch R, at al. Association of exfoliation syndrome with risk of indirect inguinal hernia: the Utah Project on Exfoliation Syndrome. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136:1368-1374.

4) Shumway C, Curtin K, Taylor S, at al. Association between obstructive sleep apnea and exfoliation syndrome: the Utah Project on Exfoliation Syndrome. Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2021;4:260-267.

5) Wirostko BM, Curtin K, Taylor SC, et al. Risk of arterial fibrillation is increased in patients with exfoliation syndrome: the Utah project on exfoliation syndrome (UPEXS). Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Sep 21. doi: 10.1111/aos.15017. Online ahead of print.



Tip of the Month manager: Frances Meier-Gibbons
Tip of the Month editorial board: Francisco Goni, Karl Mercieca, Humma Shahid
Tip of the Month editors in chief: Manuele Michelessi, Francesco Oddone





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