Tip of the Month
Publishing date: December 2020
Since 1976 beta-adrenergic antagonists have established their role in the effective lowering of the intraocular pressure. The potential side effects of this locally administered drug are measurable even in otherwise completely healthy individuals (1) and in some predisposed patients these unwarranted effects can be severe. The fact that cells with β-adrenergic receptors are widely distributed within the human body explains the pharmacodynamic effects of timolol maleate (2). Even one drop of timolol can lead to decompensation in an asthma patient.
If a patient has cardiovascular or pulmonary health issues,the general practicioner should be informed before prescribing beta-adrenergic antagonists, or alternative pressure lowering drugs should be considered (3).
Contributor: Dr. med. Karin Øyo-Szerenyi, Rapperswil, Switzerland
1. Davinson J, Ribak J, Deckstein, Barishak R. Timolol maleate : side effects on healthy, non glaucomatous volunteers. Aviat Space Environ Med 1983 Apr ;54(4) :360-2
2. Moshetova LK, Soshina MM, Sychev DA, Turkina KI. Pharmakogenetics of timolol. Vestn.Oftalmol. 2019 ;135(3) :137-143
3. Litoriya A, Saran Tiwari U, Pathak R. Effect of various topical anti glaucoma drugs on cardiopulmonary system. A prospective Study. Rom J Ophthalmol. 2019 ; 63(2)
Tip Reviewer: Roger Hitchings
Tip Editors: Frances Meier-Gibbons, Humma Shahid, Karl Mercieca, Francisco Goni