Tip of the Month
Publishing date: May 2016
Tip Editors: John Salmon and Gordana Sunaric Mégevand
Tip reviewer: Roger Hitchings
The science behind the tip
Hypotony maculopathy is an uncommon but serious late complication of glaucoma filtration surgery, particularly when an antimetabolite has been used (1). Risk factors for the development of this condition include: male gender, young age (<60 years) and myopia (2).
A successful outcome depends on correctly identifying and treating the cause of the hypotony as soon as possible. The best option is to surgically revise the bleb, inserting additional sutures into the scleral flap to reduce aqueous outflow. This approach results in a significant improvement in visual acuity, without the need for glaucoma medication in most patients (3). onjunctival compression sutures have been reported to be useful to treat large over-filtering blebs associated with hypotony (4).
Contributor: J F Salmon MD Consultant Ophthalmologist - Oxford Eye Hospital (UK)
1. Thomas M, Vajaranant TS, Aref AA. Hypotony maculopathy: clinical presentation and therapeutic methods. Ophthalmol Ther. 2015: 4: 79-88
2. Fannin LA, Schiffman JC, Budenz DL. Risk factors for hypotony maculopathy. Ophthalmology 2003; 110: 1185-1191
3. Bitrian E, Song BJ, Caprioli J. Bleb revision for resolution of hypotony maculopathy following primary trabeculectomy. AM J Ophthalmol 2014; 158: 597-604.
4. Quaranta L, Riva I, Floriani IC. Outcomes of conjunctival compression sutures after glaucoma filtration surgery. Eur J Ophthamol. 2013; 23: 593-596.