Publishing date: May 2023
Author(s): Felipe A Medeiros (1), Alessandro A Jammal (2)
1 Vision, Imaging and Performance Laboratory, Duke Eye Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University School Medicine, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: email@example.com.
2 Vision, Imaging and Performance Laboratory, Duke Eye Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.
PURPOSE: To investigate whether rates of standard automated perimetry (SAP) mean deviation (MD) over an initial 2-year follow-up period were predictive of events of visual field progression over an extended follow-up.
DESIGN: Longitudinal, prospective, observational study.
PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred forty-six eyes of 168 patients with glaucoma followed up every 6 months for up to 5 years.
METHODS: Patients were required to have a minimum of 5 reliable SAP tests during the first 2 years of follow-up. Events of progression were evaluated using 2 methods: Guided Progression Analysis (GPA; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc) and a United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-suggested end point. The date of the first test showing progression after the first 2 years was considered to be the event date. Rates of change in SAP MD were calculated for the first 2 years of follow-up, and joint longitudinal survival models were used to assess the risk of faster initial MD loss for subsequent progression based on each event analysis.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Risk of having an event of progression based on initial rates of SAP MD change.
RESULTS: Fifty-six eyes (22.8%) showed an event of progression by the GPA and 51 eyes (20.7%) did so by the FDA end point. Each 0.1-dB/year faster rate of SAP MD loss in the first 2 years was associated with a 26% increase in risk of a GPA progression end point developing (R2 = 76%) and 32% risk of an FDA-based end point developing (R2 = 83%). A reduction of 30% in the rate of MD change in the first 2 years was associated with a 20% reduction in the cumulative probability of a progression event developing over 5 years of follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Rates of SAP MD change for eyes with glaucoma calculated over the initial 2 years of follow-up were strongly predictive of events of progression over subsequent follow-up. Our findings give support for the use of slopes of MD change as suitable end points of progression in clinical trials.
Copyright © 2023 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ophthalmology. 2023 May;130(5):469-477. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.12.025. Epub 2022 Dec 24.
PMID: 36574847 DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.12.025
Keywords: Clinical trial end point; Glaucoma; Mean deviation; Perimetry, Progression
Clinical Paper of the Month manager: Anthony Khawaja
Editorial Board: Humma Shahid, Karl Mercieca, Francisco Goni
Editors in Chief: Francesco Oddone, Manuele Michelessi