This website uses cookies to help us give you the best browsing experience. By continuing to use this portal, you agree to our use of this tool.
To learn more about how we use cookies and how to manage them please read our notice here.
Journal Club
Experimental Paper of the Month - Steroid-induced ocular hypertension/glaucoma: Focus on pharmacogenomics and implications for precision medicine
Steroid-induced ocular hypertension/glaucoma: Focus on pharmacogenomics and implications for precision medicine

Publishing date: November 2016

Author(s): Fini ME (1), Schwartz SG (2), Gao X (3), Jeong S (4), Patel N (5), Itakura T (6), Price MO (7), Price FW Jr (8), Varma R (9), Stamer WD (10)

1 USC Institute for Genetic Medicine and Department of Cell & Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcatraz St., Suite 240, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA. Electronic address: efini@med.usc.edu.
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 3880 Tamiami Trail North, Naples, FL, 34103, USA. Electronic address: sschwartz2@med.miami.edu.
3 Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1905 W Taylor St., Suite 235, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA. Electronic address: rgao@uic.edu.
4 USC Institute for Genetic Medicine, USC Roski Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcatraz St., Suite 240, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA. Electronic address: shinwuje@med.usc.edu.
5 USC Institute for Genetic Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcatraz St., Suite 240, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA. Electronic address: nitinusc@gmail.com.
6 USC Institute for Genetic Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcatraz St., Suite 240, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA. Electronic address: itakura@med.usc.edu.
7 Cornea Research Foundation of America, 9002 North Meridian Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46260, USA. Electronic address: marianneprice@cornea.org.
8 Price Vision Group, 9002 North Meridian Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46260, USA. Electronic address: francisprice@pricevisiongroup.net.
9 Office of the Dean, USC Roski Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 1975 Zonal Ave., KAM 500, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA. Electronic address: Rohit.Varma@med.usc.edu.
10 Department of Ophthalmology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, AERI Room 4008, 2351 Erwin Rd, Durham, NC, 27705, USA. Electronic address: dan.stamer@duke.edu.

Elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) due to therapeutic use of glucocorticoids is called steroid-induced ocular hypertension (SIOH); this can lead to steroid-induced glaucoma (SIG). Glucocorticoids initiate signaling cascades ultimately affecting expression of hundreds of genes; this provides the potential for a highly personalized pharmacological response. Studies attempting to define genetic risk factors were undertaken early in the history of glucocorticoid use, however scientific tools available at that time were limited and progress stalled. In contrast, significant advances were made over the ensuing years in defining disease pathophysiology. As the genomics age emerged, it appeared the time was right to renew investigation into genetics. Pharmacogenomics is an unbiased discovery approach, not requiring an underlying hypothesis, and provides a way to pinpoint clinically significant genes and pathways that could not have been discovered any other way. Results of the first genome-wide association study to identify polymorphisms associated with SIOH, and follow-up on two novel genes linked to the disorder, GPR158 and HCG22, is discussed in the second half of the article. However, knowledge of genetic variants determining response to steroids in the eye also has value in its own right as a predictive and diagnostic tool. This article concludes with a discussion of how the Precision Medicine Initiative®, announced by U.S. President Obama in his 2015 State of the Union address, is beginning to touch the practice of ophthalmology. It is argued that SIOH/SIG may provide one of the next opportunities for effective application of precision medicine.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Prog Retin Eye Res. 2016 Sep 22. pii: S1350-9462(16)30050-7. doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2016.09.003.


Keywords: Glaucoma, Glucocorticoid, Ocular hypertension, Ophthalmology, Pharmacogenomics, Precision medicine



Experimental Paper of the Month manager: Andreas Boehm




back to top

X