Publishing date: November 2015
Author(s): Peters D (1), Heijl A (1), Brenner L (2), Bengtsson B (1)
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Helsingborg University Hospital, Helsingborg, Sweden.
PURPOSE: To determine the association between vision-related quality of life (VRQOL) and levels of visual function loss in the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial (EMGT).
METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-five patients were included in the EMGT between 1993 and 1997 and followed regularly by ophthalmic examinations. A Swedish translation of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI VFQ-25) was self-administered at several follow-up visits until 2014. We analysed the association between Rasch-calibrated NEI VFQ-25 scores and visual function in the best eye at the final follow-up visit.
RESULTS: Ninety-one per cent (233/255) of all participants completed the NEI VFQ-25 at least once. In univariate logistic regression analysis, NEI VFQ-25 scores were modestly associated with visual acuity (VA) (r2 = 0.330, p < 0.001), visual field index (VFI) (r2 = 0.200, p < 0.001) and perimetric mean deviation (MD) (r2 = 0.193, p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, VA and VFI together accounted for approximately 40% (r2 = 0.380) of the NEI VFQ-25 scores. NEI VFQ-25 scores were significantly higher for patients with no visual impairment (mean 73 ± 22) than for visually impaired patients (mean 31 ± 15, p < 0.001). VFI worse than 50% or MD worse than -18 dB was significantly associated with low VRQOL scores (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the widespread, albeit arbitrary, use of a better-eye visual field of <50% as an important threshold for a significant reduction in VRQOL.
© 2015 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Acta Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep 18. doi: 10.1111/aos.12839.
Keywords: blindness,low vision,open-angle glaucoma,vision-related quality of life,visual impairment
Clinical Paper of the Month manager: Andreas Boehm