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Journal Club
Clinical Paper of the Month - Effectiveness of early lens extraction for the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (EAGLE): a randomised controlled trial
Effectiveness of early lens extraction for the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (EAGLE): a randomised controlled trial

Publishing date: November 2016

Author(s): Azuara-Blanco A (1), Burr J (2), Ramsay C (3), Cooper D (3), Foster PJ (4), Friedman DS (5), Scotland G (6), Javanbakht M (7), Cochrane C (3), Norrie J (8); EAGLE study group

1 Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK. Electronic address: a.azuara-blanco@qub.ac.uk.
2 School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK.
3 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
4 NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital and University College London, UK.
5 Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.
6 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK; Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
7 Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
8 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK; Centre for Health Care Randomised Trials, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

BACKGROUND: Primary angle-closure glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. In early-stage disease, intraocular pressure is raised without visual loss. Because the crystalline lens has a major mechanistic role, lens extraction might be a useful initial treatment.

METHODS: From Jan 8, 2009, to Dec 28, 2011, we enrolled patients from 30 hospital eye services in five countries. Randomisation was done by a web-based application. Patients were assigned to undergo clear-lens extraction or receive standard care with laser peripheral iridotomy and topical medical treatment. Eligible patients were aged 50 years or older, did not have cataracts, and had newly diagnosed primary angle closure with intraocular pressure 30 mm Hg or greater or primary angle-closure glaucoma. The co-primary endpoints were patient-reported health status, intraocular pressure, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio per quality-adjusted life-year gained 36 months after treatment. Analysis was by intention to treat. This study is registered, number ISRCTN44464607.

FINDINGS: Of 419 participants enrolled, 155 had primary angle closure and 263 primary angle-closure glaucoma. 208 were assigned to clear-lens extraction and 211 to standard care, of whom 351 (84%) had complete data on health status and 366 (87%) on intraocular pressure. The mean health status score (0·87 0·12), assessed with the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions questionnaire, was 0·052 higher (95% CI 0·015-0·088, p=0·005) and mean intraocular pressure (16·6 3·5 mm Hg) 1·18 mm Hg lower (95% CI -1·99 to -0·38, p=0·004) after clear-lens extraction than after standard care. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was £14 284 for initial lens extraction versus standard care. Irreversible loss of vision occurred in one participant who underwent clear-lens extraction and three who received standard care. No patients had serious adverse events.

INTERPRETATION: Clear-lens extraction showed greater efficacy and was more cost-effective than laser peripheral iridotomy, and should be considered as an option for first-line treatment.

FUNDING: Medical Research Council.

Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY license. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
Lancet. 2016 Oct 1;388(10052):1389-1397. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30956-4.

PMID: 27707497
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27707497



Clinical Paper of the Month manager: Andreas Boehm




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